Dental surgery is a part of dentistry, which is a branch of medicine dealing with teeth, gums, and the mouth. This covers the oral mucosa and the dentition as well as all related tissues and structures (like the jaw and facial or maxillofacial area).
It is a branch of dentistry which deals with the diseases of gingiva and tissues around the root (periodontal ligaments, alveolar bone and cement).
When gum disease occurs, supporting tissue and bone around the teeth are destroyed, forming “pockets” around the teeth. This can result in tooth loss if left untreated. It may also lead to acute (sudden) infections and tooth decay.
Periodontology (Gum) Treatments?
Periodontal disease is caused by bacteria in dental plaque. Plaque is the sticky substance that forms on your teeth soon after you have brushed. In an effort to get rid of the bacteria, the cells of your immune system release substances that inflame and damage the gums, periodontal ligament or alveolar bone. This leads to swollen, bleeding gums, a sign of gingivitis (the earliest stage of periodontal disease). Damage from periodontal disease also can cause teeth to become loose. This is a sign of severe periodontitis (the advanced stage of disease). You can prevent periodontal disease by practicing good oral hygiene and visiting your dentist regularly. Most people should see the dentist about once every six months. But if you already have gum disease you should visit more often.
How is gingival inflammation diagnosed?
Healthy gums do not bleed upon brushing. Following tooth brushing, pink-red coloured saliva in the sink indicates inflammation of the gums. What are the gingival diseases? Which symptoms indicate them?
Gingival diseases are widely variable ranging from simple gingivitis (inflammation of gums) to severe infections (periodontitis), in which structural tissue loss occurs in the jaw bones and teeth loosen and fall out. These diseases cause the gums to swell, redden, bleed, and recede; therefore, causing teeth to appear longer and be displaced with empty spaces in between. Foul mouth odour and teeth loss occur.